But the soweto massacre marked a turning point in the antiapartheid struggle. Sowetofounding of a township the stories were set in soweto, althou gh they neither began nor ended there. Israel has turned gaza into soweto while israel has become south africa circa 1976. Over 360 blacks were killed in the soweto riots of 1976. International actions supporting the south african liberation struggle have responded to critical events inside south africa. The apartheid regime succeeded for a while in repressing resistance in the country. The uprising triggered a long and oftenviolent confrontation between black protesters and the white south african. An audio history thirty years ago, the uprising of a group of schoolchildren forever changed south africas history. I have no personal preference, but this needs to be borne in mind, if ever an objection is raised to the title. The south african government basically declared war on black school children. Explanation on 16 june 1976, police opened fire on approximately 10 000 school students in soweto during a protest against the compulsory use. Down with afrikaans, the language of the oppressor and their slogan was viva azania. Jun 16, 2016 a young boy walks way from a displayed iconic photo showing yearold hector pieterson, being carried after being shot by police during the 1976 soweto uprising,at the hector pieterson memorial.
Students, teachers, parents, and civilians of soweto, south africa were involved in this boycott. The events of that day evoked memories of the 1960 sharpeville massacre, in which 70 peaceful protestors were shot down. Edmonson worked as the deputy chief of mission in pretoria from 19741976. The soweto uprising by noor nieftagodien overdrive rakuten. The soweto uprising was a series of demonstrations and protests led by black school children in south africa that began on the morning of 16 june 1976 students from numerous sowetan schools began to protest in the streets of soweto in response to the introduction of afrikaans as the medium of instruction in local schools. Jun 16, 2010 soweto, south africa cnn its the iconic image that grabbed the worlds attention and helped change the course of south african history. The times later estimated more than 700 had died in the chain reaction of violence over the year. The soweto uprising was a riot which started on june 16th, 1976 and lasted three days. Explanation on 16 june 1976, police opened fire on approximately 10 000 school students in soweto during a protest against the compulsory use of afrikaans as a medium of instruction in schools. The 16 june 1976 soweto students uprising as it happened. The soweto uprising, also known as 16 june, is a series of protests led by high school students in south africa that began on the morning of 16 june 1976.
It was one of the coldest winters in south africas history, and i was only 10 years old. The soweto uprising, by noor nieftagodien, athens, ohio, ohio university press, 2014, 165 pp. Celebrating the 1976 soweto uprising liberation news. Attempts were made by concerned civic bodies, church. The impact of the student protests and the soweto uprising in. The soweto massacre or soweto uprisings also known as june 16, were some of the biggest massacre of the apartheid regime in south africa, mostly because it showed police repression against kids. The image that changed the course of south africas history. The 1976 soweto uprising represented a real turning point in south africas history.
Soweto uprising 1976 study guide by zoenobileau includes 22 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more. June 16, 1976 was not the first massacre at the hands of the apartheid regime. Soweto lies 15 kilometers southwest of johannesburg. The sharpeville massacre of 1960 and the 1976 student uprising that began in soweto triggered responses at the united nations and efforts to boycott south african goods in many countries. South africa marks anniversary of 1976 soweto uprising. Young blacks expressed their anger at apartheid by marching, rioting and setting fire to government property. Their protest turned into a rebellion that spread to other parts of the. University of the witwatersrand institute for advanced social research seminar paper to be presented in rw 7003 seminar room at 4. The soweto uprising, the police response, and the protests that followed led to greater international exposure, and censure, for the south african government and its policy of apartheid. Few outside south africa paid much attention to apartheid before june 16, 1976, when several thousand soweto students set out to protest the introduction of mandatory afrikaanslanguage instruction in their township schools. Jan 28, 2015 the soweto uprising, also known as 16 june, is a series of protests led by high school students in south africa that began on the morning of 16 june 1976. Soweto and increased pressure on the apartheid state. An investigation by us newspaper newsday in december 1976 concluded that 332 had died in soweto, and more than 435 nationally. However, in 1973 a series of labour strikes erupted, followed by the emergence of a new movement called black consciousness or bcm.
Apartheid still exists in south africa in a different way. It also signaled the beginning of the end of apartheid and racism in south africa. It is commemorated today by a south african national holiday, youth day, which honors all the young people who lost their lives in the struggle against apartheid and bantu education. It also brought into the political equation the role of youth, who were to play a. Soweto uprising 100 photographs the most influential. Events that triggered the uprising can be traced back to policies of the apartheid government that resulted in the introduction of the bantu education act in 1953. The events were rooted in apartheid policies that resulted in the introduction of the bantu education act in 1953. What began as a protest against a government education policy. What began as a protest against a government education policy became a watershed moment in the fight against apartheid. He remembers the soweto uprising as a point of building turbulence and change in the countrys mindset.
It took one day for young south africans to change the course of the countrys history. This book commemorates the event by featuring interviews with 30 people who were at school during the uprising. Jun 15, 2015 on 16 june 1976 the uprising that began in soweto and spread throughout south africa changed the countrys sociopolitical landscape. But what is certain is that the soweto uprising and its aftermath on 16th of june 1976 in soweto, south africa, a group of students led a protest against a recent decree mandating afrikaans as a. Nzima is known for capturing the iconic picture of hector peterson on 16 june 1976 during the youth uprising in soweto. The students were unhappy because schools in the townships of soweto were forced to use the afrikaans language for teaching certain subjects. By car, it is most easily reached from the m1 highway, which curves around the edges of the inner city of johannesburg, past. Jan 18, 2020 aerial view of soweto uprising june 1976 keystone hulton archive getty images over 100 people were killed and many more injured on june 16, 1976, in soweto, south africa, following antiapartheid protests.
Quizlet flashcards, activities and games help you improve your grades. In south africa, june 16 is now observed annually as youth day, which commemorates the uprising. The june 16 1976 uprising that began in soweto and spread countrywide profoundly changed the sociopolitical landscape in south africa. The first phase starts in 1976 when the soweto uprising against. When highschool students in soweto started protesting for better education on 16 june 1976, police responded with teargas and live bullets. The soweto uprising of 1976 was a major protest against apartheid in south africa. Mar 19, 2017 a south african historical turning point shaped by black revolutionary students against the injustices of the apartheid regime education system. In south africa, i think the term used is soweto uprising. The uprising in south africa since 16 june 1976 against apartheid and racial discrimination and the brutal massacres perpetrated by the south african regime against african school children and others represent a new stage in the struggle of the south african people for freedom and an inescapable. The 16th of june 1976 marked a turning point in the political struggle for equality in south africa. The soweto uprising, 1976 exhibit divestment for humanity. Afrikaans literature after 1976 can be divided into two phases, even though certain discontinuities and overlaps occur.
Here he recalls what it was like being in the middle of events that would change south africa. Submitted by samantha keogh a dissertation submitted to the faculty of arts, university of the witwatersrand. The impact of the student protests and the soweto uprising in south africa although the government backed on its afrikaans language policy in july 1976, schools throughout the country continued to be disrupted until the following year. The soweto uprising was revolved around years of built up anger and bitterness that everyone had built up toward the apartheid government that just exploded all at once. The soweto uprising made an impact and received attention from other countries. The soweto riots a short history of the riots against new education laws that turned into a mass collective rejection of apartheid south africa by thousands of working class black youths. Heres an hourbyhour account of the events that sparked the 1976 soweto students uprising. The 1976 soweto uprising association for diplomatic studies. Soweto uprising kids britannica kids homework help. Sep 19, 2006 after soweto, an uprising or march would take place almost every day, often completely spontaneously. Now the family of the teenager who tried to save him reflect. In soweto on 16 june 1976 thousands of black students demonstrated against the introduction of afrikaans in education. The article addressed the critique that the apartheid government in south africa used educational policies to keep the races divided, writing, the question, however, runs.
The michigan daily, the um student newspaper, spread the story of the soweto uprising on campus starting with a june 17, 1976 article titled blacks riot in south africa. May 21, 2015 many saw the soweto uprising as a turning point, signaling the sure end of apartheid in the near future. Jun, 2006 bbc africa bureaux editor milton nkosi was a schoolboy in soweto at the time of the uprising of 16 june 1976. The soweto riots of 1976 were the most brutal and violent riots that had taken place against the south african apartheid administration. Soweto and increased pressure on the apartheid state s. The june 16 soweto youth uprising south african history. Even to contemporaries it seemed to mark the beginning of the end of apartheid.923 417 1463 599 271 484 1418 139 1251 1106 1365 329 786 881 87 1348 725 1124 316 845 686 356 470 1106 982 153 1017 841 523 744 441 193 229 1423 802 85 642 1452 1043 468 927 1107 1123 914 502 863